Codeless Test Automation

Published on 18 Mar 2024

Codeless Test Automation

At the advent of test automation, it was largely considered that a coding skillset of a developer was needed to create test automation scripts. This created a barrier/dependency for coding knowledge in test automation. But with the growing technology we now have 3 ways to do test automation:

  • Code-Based: Write the scripts manually.
  • Low-Code: Write some code interactions but most of the task is conducted using visual modules for ease.
  • No-Code/Codeless: Allows testers to create and execute tests without any prior coding experience.

The idea behind no-code or codeless automation is to require no prior coding experience. That means that any QA person or even any team member without an engineering background should be able to create and execute tests to confirm business logic.

  1. History:
    1. The journey of low code test automation tools started in the early 2010s, with record and playback tools which allowed QAs to record their interactions with an application and play them back as automated tests.
  2. Benefits:
    1. Improves Efficiency, by reducing coding efforts.
    2. Create and execute tests without any prior coding knowledge.
    3. Comparatively much smaller learning curve
    4. Helps organizations implement continuous test integration.
  1. Methods:
    1. Record-and-Play: Record the AUT interaction on record and play tool. the recorded execution will be converted to script for future testing on the application.
    2. Structured Test Flow Diagrams: Visual diagrams Creating visual diagrams to be test scenarios simplifies understanding and maintenance.
  1. Future Trends:
    1. Expect codeless solutions to embrace AI and add new features.
    2. The convergence of codeless automation and AI will likely enhance testing capabilities and streamline the testing process.

While codeless tools are evolving, this will not replace automation completely, instead it will complement existing practices and aid the testers to focus on the business outcomes than focus on nuances of coding.

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